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Insomnia is a sleep disorder characterized by difficulty in the ability to fall asleep, staying asleep, or experiencing non-restorative sleep despite having adequate opportunities for sleep. People with insomnia often have trouble initiating sleep by lying awake, waking up frequently during the night, or waking up too early and finding it challenging to go back to sleep.

Insomnia can be classified into two main types based on its duration:

  • Acute Insomnia: This type of insomnia is short-term and typically lasts for a few nights or weeks. It is often triggered by stressful life events, significant changes, or acute medical conditions. Once the underlying cause is resolved, sleep patterns usually return to normal.

  • Chronic Insomnia: This is more persistent and lasts for at least three nights a week for three months or longer. It may be a primary condition or occur as a result of other medical, psychological, or lifestyle factors.

Symptoms of Insomnia:

  • Difficulty falling and being able to stay asleep from the beginning of the night

  • Frequent awakenings during the night

  • Waking up too early and being unable to fall back asleep

  • Feeling unrefreshed upon waking

  • Daytime sleepiness, fatigue, or irritability

  • Difficulty concentrating or remembering things

  • Impaired performance at work, school, or daily activities

  • Increased anxiety or depression.

Causes of Insomnia:

  • Stress and anxiety

  • Depression or other mental health disorders

  • Medical conditions (e.g., chronic pain, respiratory disorders)

  • Certain medications

  • Substance abuse or withdrawal

  • Poor sleep habits or irregular sleep schedule

  • Environmental factors (e.g., noise, temperature)

  • Jet lag or shift work

  • Hormonal changes (e.g., menopause)

  • Underlying sleep disorders (e.g., sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome)

Treatment for Insomnia: The treatment for insomnia depends on its underlying cause and severity. Some common approaches include:

  • Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I): CBT-I is a structured and evidence-based therapy that helps individuals identify and change thoughts and behaviors that affect sleep. It aims to improve sleep habits and develop relaxation techniques.

  • Sleep Medications: In certain cases, healthcare providers may prescribe short-term use of sleep medications to help with treaing insomnia symptoms. These medications should be used under medical supervision as they can have side effects and may not address the underlying cause of insomnia.

  • Lifestyle Changes: Adopting healthy sleep habits, such as maintaining a regular schedule, creating a comfortable sleep environment, keeping a sleep diary, avoiding stimulants close to bedtime, and managing stress, can improve sleep quality.

If you or someone you know is experiencing insomnia or sleep disturbances that affect daily functioning, it's essential to consult a healthcare professional to identify the underlying causes and receive appropriate treatment and support. When you’re ready for help with sleep problems with Insomnia Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT-I), Blue Anchor Psychology can help. We want to help you get the restful sleep your body and mind deserve. 

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